For decades, hospitals, physicians, advocacy groups
and even national news anchors have been encouraging people to get screened for
one of the most preventable and treatable forms of cancer - colorectal cancer.
The consensus for colon cancer screenings has been to start
at age 50 and get a colonoscopy every 10 years in order to find and extract
pre-cancerous polyps and catch the cancer at its early and curable stage.
Why start at age 50?
Because more than 90% of cases of colon cancer occur in individuals over
50 years old. However, 50 is not the best age for everyone, depending upon
their individual risk factors.
Should You Get Tested Earlier?
There are several factors that can increase a person’s
risk for colorectal cancer. And since symptoms of colorectal cancer often
appear after the disease has progressed to a later stage, at risk individuals
may need earlier and more frequent screening. You are at an increased risk for
colon cancer if:
have a first-degree relative (parent, sibling or child) who had colorectal
polyps or colorectal cancer, or if you have a personal history with polyps or
have Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s
disease. Individuals with IBD are at a 5 times greater risk of being diagnosed
with cancer in the digestive tract.
have certain genetic syndromes, like familial adenomatous polyposis or
hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (also known as Lynch syndrome).
About 5 to 10 percent of all colorectal cancers are caused by these genetic
changes that can be passed on from parent to child.
If you have any of these risk factors, you should
consult with your doctor as soon as possible about when and how often you
should be screened. According to the American Cancer Society, individuals with
a family member who had polyps or colorectal cancer before age 60 should be
screened at age 40 and possibly be screened every 5 years.
Take Steps to Lower Your Risk
If you don’t have any of these risk factors, don’t be
fooled into thinking you’re in the clear. Lifestyle factors can contribute to
an increased risk of colorectal cancer, including:
of regular physical activity
fruit and vegetable intake
low-fiber and high-fat diet
overweight or obese
Beating colorectal cancer requires vigilance, so your
best defense is knowledge and support. Ask your doctor about when you should
have a colonoscopy and encourage your friends and family to have one if they
are over the magic age of 50.>/p>
Thanks to increased awareness over the past 15 years,
many of us know how to protect ourselves from colon cancer, but it is still the
second-leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the US. Let’s stop talking and
start doing something to save ourselves and our loved ones – talk to your
doctor about your colorectal cancer risk, encourage those over 50 in your
family to get tested, and start making lifestyle changes that can help prevent
For more information:
Griffin Faculty Physicians Gastroenterology
Specialists offer screening for colon cancer as well as treatments for a wide
range of digestive problems from gas, heartburn and bowel discomfort to the
more severe diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. For more information or to
make an appointment, call 203-736-9919 or visit griffinfacultyphysicians.org.